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Aviator, Pulitzer Prize Winning Author, Environmentalist
Concerning Alexis Carrel's Research
- SUMMARY: This offering is
a typed letter signed by Charles A. Lindbergh making reference
to the clinnical and laboratory research of Alexis Carrel. Price:$3750.00
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- Charles Lindbergh (1902-1972).
Pioneer American Aviator
famous for piloting the first solo non-stop flight across the
Atlantic Ocean in 1927, Pulitzer Prize Winning Author, Environmentalist.
- In the letter offered here Lindbergh
refers to needles used by Dr. Carrel. Typed letter signed, 1
page, 11 x 8¼", Switzerland, May 24, 1970. To Dr.
Charles T. Riall at American Cyanamid Co, referring to Lindbergh's
with Dr. Alexis Carrel (1873-1944), a French surgeon, biologist
and eugenicist, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine in 1912, and whose vascular-suturing technique and
work in preserving organs and tissues outside the body laid the
foundations for much of modern cell biology, vascular and open-heart
surgery.Thus Charles Lindbergh made some monumental contributions
to the science of Medicine that added added luster to his otherwise
- Lindbergh became interested
in working with Carrell because his sister-in-law had a damaged
heart valve and he wanted to ensure her survival. Lindbergh worked
with Carrel in the mid-1930s to create the "perfusion pump,"
which allowed living organs to exist outside of the body during
surgery.The two co-authored a book, The Culture of Organs and
were pictured with their pump on the June 13, 1938 on thecover
of TIME magazine.Their perfusion pump is in the Smithsonian.
- Carrel's fascist and Nazi sympathies,
as well as his anti-Semitism, may have have influenced Lindbergh.
Carrel was accused of implementing eugenic policies and of collaboration
with Vichy France, but he died before he could stand trial.
- The relationship between Carrel
and Lindbergh was well documented in a book entitled Uncommon
Friends by James Newton. In that book Newton ldocuments several
friendships between great men such as Edison and Henry Ford that
altered human history.Another book The Immortalists by
Richard Cummings is entirely devoted to the Lindbergh-Carrel
working relationship and friendship.
- Lindbergh writes, in part: "
needles you have that were used by Dr. Carrel in performing the
first arteriovenous anastomosis for blood transfusion are certainly
of great historical value. Since this transfusion took place
many years before I first met Dr. Carrel (1929)
you write to
Father Joseph T. Durkin, S.J., Georgetown University
Dr. Theodore I. Malinin, American Foundation for Biological Research
University is custodian of the Carrel collection
after the end of World-War II, Mme. Carrel and I packed in about
fifty wooden boxes the records and documents that were in the
(closed) Department of Experimental Surgery of the Rockefeller
Institute for Medical Research (now the Rockefeller University)
Mme. Carrel gave this material to Georgetown University
Durkin has written a book about Dr. Carrel
knows a great deal about early Carrel operations and techniques
Note that this letter was written who was at The American Cyanamide
Corporation's subsidiary Davis and Geck a company that was involved
in developing the sutures now employed in modern surger
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