The History Buff, 17509 Bearpath Trail, Eden Prairie, MN 55347 or Palm Beach, FL 33480
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Special Collection
Masaryk. Tomas S. (1850-1937). First President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35). a truly great man in the history of Europe he was an advocate of independence for his country and he was a student of American Founding Documents the principle of which he incorporated in to his country's constitution. He had to flee in the first World War but returned from exile to become President and he served for 2 terms.President Wilson helped support him after WW I. When the communists occupied his country, they tried to eradicate all vestiges of Masaryk's influence because he stood for democratic principles. This is a wonderful and rare vintage photo signed as T.G. Masaryk and dated 9/Xi/20.
Price: $750.00
Chaim Weizmann (1874-1952). First President of Israel (1949-52). Typed Letter Signed in Hebrew, one page, on the imprinted stationery of "The Jewish Agency For Palestine", Jerusalem, 1945. To Rabbi Yitzhak Meir Levin (member of the First Cabinet and Signer of the Israeli Scroll of Independence). Nice war-time letter, Yitzhak Meir Levin, just a few years later in 1949 would hold the position of Minister of Social Welfare in the Cabinet with Chaim Weizmann. Great association. Shows normal aging and handling, a notation on verso is transparent as viewed. Overall, in very good condition.Price: $2,300.
Chaim Weizmann (1874-1952). First President of Israel (1949-52). Rare Photograph Signed, on the mount of an approximate 8 in. by 7 in. photograph of a portrait of Weizmann. Very unique. No place or date, but approximately 1940s. Boldy signed in English: "With best wishes, Chaim Weizmann". Overall, in good condition. Ideal for framing.Price: $2,500.

Edvard Beneš ( 1884 - 1948). He was a leader of the Czechoslovak independence movement and the second President of Czechoslovakia. He served as President of Czechoslovakia from 1935 to 1938 and again from 1945 to 1948, his term broken by World War II, during which he served as president-in-exile from 1940 to 1945.He was a member of the Czechoslovak National Socialist Party (till 1925 called Czechoslovak Socialist Party) and a strong Czechoslovakist - he did not consider Slovaks and Czechs to be separate ethnicities.Beneš became first Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia and in 1935 succeeded Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk to become President. In October 1938, after the Munich Agreement ceded the predominantly German speaking Sudetenland to Germany, but before the German occupation of the Czech speaking remainder of Bohemia and Moravia, he resigned from office and went into exile in Putney, London. Then in 1940 he organized the Provisional Government-in-Exile in London with Jan Šrámek as Prime Minister, and Beneš himself became the President of Czechoslovakia in exile.In 1941 Beneš and his government planned the Operation Anthropoid (the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich) which was successfully realized in 1942. Although oriented to the West he was also on friendly terms with Stalin. In 1943 he signed the intent between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union in order to secure Czechoslovakia's political position, as well as his own.The so-called Beneš decrees, which, among other things, expropriated ethnic German and Hungarian Czechoslovakians, paved the way for the eventual expulsion of 2.4 million ethnic Germans to Germany and Austria, which was approved by the Allies at the Potsdam conference. The decrees (still in force to this day) are disputed, but both the European Parliament and the European Commission established that they are not contradictory to the law of the EU.This is a 5 in. x 5 in. card signed Edvard Benes, Prague, 11.2.31 . The writing is bold and the card is in excellent condition. A very rare autograph from a man important in European history.Price:$OLD

Francisco Franco (1892-19717). Famous national Hero of Spain. Became head of the Army and
Spanish military leader. Took control of the government after the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) during which he received aid from Nazis an Mussolini. 3 in. x 5.5 in. B&W head and shoulders in full uniform and signed F. Franco n.p,n.d.but circa 1960. Price: $650
Eric Honecker, Leonid Brezhnev and Michael Gorbachev. Three prominent Communist leaders.This offering is a standard FDC stamped with stamps depicting link between Soviet Union and East Germany, one stamp has image of Brezhnev and Honecker shaking hands. The FDC is signed by Honecker, Brezhnev and Gorbachev with ink pen signatures. Honecker added date 8.9.86. An extremely scarce collection of signatures. Price:$795.00
Chaing Kai-shek (1887-1975). Chaing was a major WW II leader in China. he first assumed power following the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1928. He was supported as a major leader by the allies during WWII since he was perceived as an interment to fight the Japanese. He attended the 1943 Cairo conference as a member of 'The Big Four.' After the war, Chiang attempted to eradicate the Chinese Communists but ultimately failed, forcing his government to retreat to Taiwan, where he continued serving as the President of the Republic of China and Director-General of the KMT for the remainder of his life.The story of Chaing and how the communists took over China remains very controversial history and the whole debacle sullied the reputations of many prominent Americans including George Marshall.This offering is a signed in x in. B&W photo of Chaing with his American born wife known as 'Madame Chaing.' Comes with transmittal card with Chinese characters .Price: $175.00.
King Carlos (1938-) and Queen Sofia (1938) of Spain. 4 in x 6 in color portrait with overall dimensions 6 in x 9 in.. Signatures of King and Queen affixed to a crested mount, n.p,n.d. and circa 1980's.Price: $195.00
Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – 1945). Hitler was Chancellor of Germany from 1933, and Führer (Leader) of Germany from 1934, until his death. He was leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP), better known as the Nazi Party.Hitler was responsible for the holocaust against Jews and he was all at the same time a political genius, a leader and , along with Joe Stalin, one of the greatest mass murderers in history.This offering consists of an original photograph of Hitler of the buyers choice. Theses are all original photographs taken from Hitler's redoubt know as "The Eagle's Nest.". The photograph will be accompanied by a authentic signature of Hitler suitable for framing with the photograph. Price for one original photograph with a signature. Price:$4250.00
His Royal Highness Prince Napoleon Louis Jerome Victor Emmanuel Leopold Marie of Belgium. known as prince Napoleon Head of the Imperial House of Bonaparte since 1926.Attractive 6.5 in x 9 in. sepia toned head and shoulders portrait signed in pencil on the lower margin by the Prince, n.p.,n.d. but circa 1930's.Price: $100.00
Leopold III (1901-1983) and her Royal Majesty Princess Lillian (1916-)of Belgium. When Nazis invaded Leopold became a POW. He abdicated in 1951. Lillian was his second wife. This collection consists of a portrait of Leopold and a signed portrait of Lillian both 6 in x 9 in and both B&W and there is 5.5 in x 4.5 in. crested card signed by Leopold and dated 1970.Lillian's portrait is signed and dated by her 1971.Price:$295.00
Albert I (1875-1934). King of Belgians (1909-1934).Led country's resistance to Germans which earned him worldwide admiration.Choice signature by The King dated 21 October 1919.Price:$95.00
Prince Alexander and Princess Dona Maria daGloria of Yugoslavia. Official 1972 wedding portrait overall dimensions 5 in. x 9 in. and signed in ink by both on the lower border.Price: $95.00
Queen Mother Alexandra of Yugoslavia(1921-1933).A typed 1974 letter with interesting content about her illness and mentioning that her husband is buried in the USA. Signed Alexandra Queen Mother of Yugoslavia. Price: $150.00
Menachem Begin ( 1913 – 1992) . Head of the Zionist underground group the Irgun, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and the first right-wing Likud Prime Minister of Israel. His legacy remains highly controversial and divisive. Despite having established himself as a fervent conservative ideologist, Begin’s first significant achievement as Prime Minister was to negotiate the Camp David Accords with President Sadat of Egypt, agreeing on the full withdrawal of the Israel Defense Forces from the Sinai Peninsula and its return to Egypt in 1978. Yet in the years to follow, especially during his second term in office from 1981, Begin’s government was to reclaim a nationalist agenda, promoting the expansion of Jewish settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories, and launching a limited invasion into southern Lebanon in 1982, which quickly escalated into full-fledged war. As Israeli military involvement in Lebanon deepened, Begin grew increasingly depressed and reticent, losing grip on the IDF’s operation in Lebanon and the instable economy which was gradually spiralling into hyperinflation. Mounting public pressure, exacerbated by the death of his wife Aliza in November 1982, increased his withdrawal from public life, until his resignation in September 1983. A 7in.x 9 in. B&W signed and inscribed photo signed To--- with best wishes, M.Begin. Photo in excellent condition.
Price: $150.00
Don Juan Carlos Ongania (1914-) President of Argentina (1966-1970). Scarce 6.5 in. x 9 in. B&W photo circa late 1960's of him in full dress.He was removed from office by a military junta.Price:$350.00
Jehan Sadat (1933-). The second wife of Anwar Sadat she was First lady of Egypt 1970-1981 when her husband was assassinated. A nice TLS dated a year before her husband's assassination with excellent content.Price$95.00
Dr. Rafael Caldera (1916-) President of Venezuela (1969-1974). 5 in. x 8 in. B&W portrait standing by his country's flag in formal official dress. Signed boldly in ink. Attractive photo with uncommon signature.Price: $OLD
King Michael I of Rumania (1921-). Twice King of Rumania and of The House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. His father was King Carlos II. TLS on crested paper sending thanks for birthday wishes. King Michael befriended and helped protect American aviators shot down over his country in World War II and is a hero to those aviators.Price: $195.00
Maria Alexandra Victoria (1875-1938). Grand Duchess of Russia, Queen of Rumania and married Prince William of Sweden. She worked for Red Cross in face of Nazi conquest of Rumania. Her book Princess inn Exile was best seller. A typed note requesting her auto graph which she signed Grand Duchess Marie. Accompanied by an image of her and her husband.$175.00
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Nicolae Ceausescu (1918-1989). He was leader of Communist Romania from 1965 until shortly before his execution in 1989.He rose steadily through the communist ranks and became absolute ruler of his country along with his wife In 1978 Ion Mihai Pacepa, a senior member of the Romanian political police (Securitate), defected to the United States. A 2 star general, he was the highest ranking defector from the Soviet bloc in the history of the Cold War. His treason was a powerful blow against the regime, forcing Ceausescu to overhaul the architecture of the Securitate. Pacepa's 1986 book Red Horizons: Chronicles of a Communist Spy Chief reveals details of Ceausescu's regime such as his collaboration with Arab terrorists, his massive espionage on American industry and his elaborate efforts to rally Western political support.After the Berlin Wall came down and the communists retreated from eastern Europe, he and his wife were summarily executed by his countrymen. This is a 5 in. x 8 in color photograph signed on the lower margin N. Ceausescu n.p, n.d. circa 1980's.Price:$695.00
King Khalid Bin Abdul Aziz (1913-1982). King of Saudi Arabia after Faisal's assassination(1975-1982).Official Royal photo 7 in. x 9 in. B&W half length pose and signed on the lower margin circa 1970's.Price:$OLD
King Hussein I and Queen Noor of Jordan.Their 1980 Christmas card with photo of newest baby.Card signed by both King Hussein and Queen Noor.Price:$ 575.00
King Hussein and Queen Noor. Official 8 in. x 10 in.color photograph. Signed and inscribed by Queen Noor and signed and Inscribed by King Hussein and dated 26/4/82.Price: $OLD
President Don Roberto Marcelo Levingston (1920-) of Argentina. In office for less than a year (70-71) Official half length pose 7 in x 9 in. B&W photograph in official dress and signed on white lower margin by Levingston.Price:$375.00
Queen Alia Al Hussein of Jordan (1948-1977). Second wife of King Hussein killed in tragic plane accident.Scarce 8 in. x 10 in. B&W photograph by Lenare of London. Half length pose. Very attractive and scarce photograph of the Queen smiling and signed by Alia on the light portion of the portrait. Circa 1973.Price: $795.00
Hafez Al-Assad(1930 – 2000). Was the president of Syria from 1971 to 2000. Assad was Syria's longest serving president, and his rule stabilized and consolidated the power of the country's government after decades of coups and counter-coups. His strongly authoritarian regime, under the leadership of the Baath Party dominated all aspects of Syrian political life.Upon his death he was succeeded by his son, current president Bashar al-Assad.5 in x 7 in B&W head and shoulders pose. Boldly signed. very rare in any form.Price: $195.00
President Fernando Collor de Mello (1949-).He was president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992.
Photograph in color 5 in x 7 in head and shoulders pose in formal dress. Signed on the lower white margin.Price: $275.00
Getulio Vargas (1882 - 1954) was the president of Brazil from 1930 to 1945 and from 1950 to his suicide in 1954.He was supplanted once by a revolution and the second time by a military coup.FDC with UN cachet and postmarked June 12, 1953.The cover is signed boldly Getuliuo Vargas. In fine condition.Price: $245.00
Lech Walesa (1943- ). He is a Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. He co-founded Solidarity (Solidarnosc), the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union, won the 1983 Nobel Peace Prize and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995 .A 4 in x 6 in B&W photograph of Walesa speaking at a rally.Signed Walesa in light portion of photograph and scarce in authentically signed material.Price: $175.00
John George Diefenbaker(1895-1979). Prime Minister of Canada 1957-1963. A 6.5 in. x 8. 5 in. , B&W head and shoulders pose signed John Diefenbaker. Circa 19760's.Price:$145.00
Camacho, Manuel Avila ( 1897 – 1955). He served as the President of Mexico from 1940 to 1946.
Ávila did not receive a university degree, although he studied at the National Preparatory School. He joined the army in 1914 as a 2nd lieutenant and reached the status of Colonel by 1920 and, in the same year, served as the Chief of Staff of the state of Michoacán under Lázaro Cárdenas, and became his close friend. In 1929, he fought under general Cárdenas against the Escobar Rebellion and, that same year, achieved the rank of Brigade General.After his military service, Ávila entered the public arena in 1933–1934 as the Official Mayor of the Secretariat of National Defense, and became Secretary of National Defense in 1937. Two years later, he was elected president of Mexico, after being appointed to represent his party. He declared war on Germany when German subs sank Mexican tankers in the Gulf during WW II.This offering is a 3 in. x 5 in. card with a Presidential Seal that is signed M. Camacho and dated 20 May 1943. Price:$90.00
Victorino Huerta (1854 – 1916). Huerta had a colorful and controversial career. He rose through the ranks of the Army, was involved in multiple internal rebellions and eventually became President of Mexico after a coup. He imposed a tyrannical rule that was objected to by President Wilson. The US landed troops in Mexico and helped depose him. He went into exile but eventually returned to New Mexico where he plotted to return to Mexico. He was arrested by the US Army and died in confinement of alcoholism.A 2 in. x 7 in. card signed V. Huerta in black ink, n.p., n.d.but circa late 1800's.Price:$185.00

Yasser Arafat (1929 – 2004).
Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization . Both a prominent Arab leader and champion of the Palestinian cause he was also a brutal terrorist who died with blood on his hands.It is rumored that they are still looking for the billions he stole from his impoverished people. he was committed to the destruction of the State of Israel. This is an embossed folded from the State of Palestine which when opened has a color portrait of Arafat to the left and a nice signature as Yasser Arafat to the right.n.p,n.d. but circa 1980's.Price: $395.00
Qaddaffi, Mohammar el-(Alg) (1942-). President of Libya (1962-).Well know for his support of terrorism and friend of the communists. He made the mistake of incurring the ire of one Ronald Wilson Reagan after the US tied him to a bombing in Germany that killed U.S. servicemen. We bombed him at home and just missed killing him. He went into hiding and, then, professed that he had reformed when Saddam Hussein was pulled from his gopher hole in Iraq. He renounced the development of weapons of mass destruction and turned over all the plans for building them Those plans showed that his nuclear program was more advanced than we thought. Sound familiar??. This is a 5 in. by 7 in.color photograph of a head and shoulders pose signed boldly in green ink by Qaddafi. Price:$395.00
Mubarak,Muhammad Hosni (1929- ).Became President of the Arab Republic of Egypt in 1981 after the assassination of Sadat. Considered a somewhat moderate Arab leader he is pro U.S. enough to garner significant foreign aid from the United States year after year.This is a 4.5 in. x 7 in. color heads and shoulder portrait signed on the lower white margin M. Hosni Mubarak. n.p., n.d. but probably circa 1980's.$175.00
Sir Keith J. Holyoake KG, GCMG, CH, QSO (1904- 1983).He was a New Zealand politician. He was National Party Prime Minister from September 20, 1957 to December 12, 1957, then again from December 12, 1960 to February 7, 1972. Five years later, he was appointed Governor-General of New Zealand from 1977 to 1980.Holyoake became Prime Minister a short time before the 1957 election, Sidney Holland having retired due to ill-health. The election, however, was narrowly won by the Labour Party. Holyoake was Leader of the Opposition for three years before National returned to power in the 1960 election. National's victory is often attributed to Holyoake's skillful campaigning, particularly his attacks on Minister of Finance Arnold Nordmeyer's so-called "Black Budget".
Sir Keith was the third longest-serving Prime Minister (just under 12 years) that New Zealand had ever had (he is surpassed by Richard Seddon's 13 years as Premier/Prime Minister and William Massey's close to 13 years as Prime Minister). He was known for his diplomatic style and "plummy" voice. He was also fondly (or mockingly) known as Kiwi Keith. (a name given to him in childhood). In 1972 Holyoake resigned as Prime Minister to ease the succession for his deputy and friend, Jack Marshall.When National under Marshall was defeated, Holyoake remained prominent in Opposition. He played an active part in the 1975 election, which saw National win power again under Robert Muldoon. Muldoon appointed Holyoake to the specially created sinecure of Minister of State.In 1977, Holyoake was unexpectedly appointed Governor-General. This choice was controversial, with many opponents of Muldoon's government claiming that it was a political appointment. His conduct while in office, however, was acknowledged by most to be fair and balanced. His term as Governor-General ended in 1980.Sir Keith died in December 1983, aged 79, in Wellington.Price:$125.00
Desmond Tutu (1931-) More or less self-proclaimed religious leader of South Africa as Bishop of Johannesburg. Darling of the left world wide and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984. Signed 4 in. x 5.5 in. color photograph in religious dress.Dated Sept '90.Price: $175.00
Bertrand, Jean-Jaques. (1917-1973).Premier of Quebec, Canada (1968-1970). A 5 in. x 7 in., B&W, head and shoulders portrait signed.Price: $150.00.
Simeon II of Bulgaria or Simon von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha ( 1937). He is a Bulgarian politician and former Monarch. As Simeon II of Bulgaria he was the last Tsar of Bulgaria from 1943 to 1946. As Simeon Borisov Sakskoburggotski he served as Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2001 until August 2005. He is sometimes known in the English speaking world as Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, which is an English form of his family's original German name Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha. He is one of the last living heads of state from the World War II era and he is also one of the few monarchs in history who regained political power through democratic election to a different office (see Norodom Sihanouk and Napoleon III for similar histories).Simeon was allowed to stay on the throne with regents appointed by the new Communist government. In September 15th, 1946 the monarchy was abolished after a referendum that claimed 95% approval. All political parties supported the abolition of the monarchy. The royal family initially went to Alexandria, Egypt, where Tsaritsa Giovanna's father Victor Emanuel III, ex-king of Italy, was living in exile. In July 1951 the Spanish government of Francisco Franco granted asylum to the exiled Bulgarian royal family. In Madrid Simeon graduated from the Lycée Francais and studied law and political science. In 1955, upon turning eighteen, he proclaimed himself the Tsar of Bulgaria, in accordance with the Tarnovo Constitution. In 1958–59 he enrolled at Valley Forge Military Academy and College in the United States, where he was known as "Cadet Rylski" and graduated as a second lieutenant. Once again in Spain, Simeon studied law and business administration, and went on to become a businessman.This offering is 4.5 in. x 6.5 in. color photograph of Simeon and the family, inscribed Happy new Year ! , Simeon, '87. Signed in silver ink for good contrast.Price: $195.00
Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuts, OM, CH, (1870 – 1950) Smuts was a prominent South African and Commonwealth statesman and military leader. He served as a Boer General during the Boer War, a British General during the First World War and was appointed Field Marshal during the Second World War. In addition to various Cabinet appointments, he served as Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa from 1919 to 1924 and from 1939 to 1948. From 1917 to 1919 he was also one of five members of the British War Cabinet, helping to create the Royal Air Force. He played a leading part in the post war settlements at the end of both world wars, and was one of the driving forces behind the formation of both the League of Nations in 1919 and the United Nations in 1945. As the foremost spokesman from the Dominions and Colonies his advice was decisive in reshaping the British Empire into the British Commonwealth.As Prime Minister, he opposed a majority of Afrikaners that wished to continue and further the de facto Apartheid of the inter-war years. After the Second World War, he established and supported the Fagan Commission, which advocated the complete abandonment of all segregation in South Africa. However, Smuts lost a general election before he could implement the suggestion, and died, just as de jure Apartheid was being implemented.One of his greatest international accomplishments was the establishment of the League of Nations, the idea for which is usually credited to Woodrow Wilson, but the implementation of which was guided by Smuts. He later urged the formation of a new international organization for peace: the United Nations. This is a 3.5 in.x6 in. card signed J C Smuts, Capetown, 13 Feb.1931. Card in excellent condition with normal aging. A wonderful example of an important world leader.Price:$150.00
MacDonald, the Honorable Ross W, Governor of Ontario-Color SP. Beautiful photograph in full dress affixed to a larger printed card which he has boldly signed under his portrait. Desirable.Price:$145.00,
Bourassa, His Excellency Robert. B&W SP. Prime Minister of Quebec. Boldly signed photograph with a one word sentiment in French.Price $75.00,
Michener, Roland. Governor General of Canada. Two items - official engraved card for the Government House, Ottawa and color portrait boldly signed. Very nice combination and desirable. Price $135.00
Talal,Mohammed His Royal Highness. Prince of Jordan. Signed Christmas card. Price $80.00
Chadli-Bendnedid, His Excellency President of Algeria. Attractive color portrait and on the left side is the gold seal of Algeria and a printed message. Price $150.00
Duvalier, Jean Claude. President of Haiti. Scarce signed color photograph.Price: $225.00
Vargas, Getulio. Brazilian Political leader and President. This is a signed First Day Cover of the United Nations honoring the Universal Postal Union. He governed as provisional president until his election in 1934. In 1945 the people staged a revolution which forced his resignation. Re-elected and inaugurated in 1951 for a five year term, his resignation was demanded again and Vargas took a leave of absence on Aug. 24,1954. He committed suicide in his palace the same day.Vargas signed his name in bold signature a year prior to his suicide. Rare fine example. Price$200.00
Fournier, His Excellency President Rafael Angel Calderon. President of Costa Rica. Colored signed photograph as President. Price $160.00.
Ongania, His Escellency President Don Juan Carlos. President of Argentina.Scarce and excellent. This photo was received on June 13,1970 the month the President was removed from office. B&W Price:$325.00.
Royo, His Excellency President Dr. Aristides. President of the Republic of Panama. Beautiful color photograph signed and dated as President. Price $200.00

Thomaz, Americo Deus Rodriques. Rear Admiral. President of Portugal.
His government was overthrown in April of 1974. Signed B&W photograph. Price $300.00
Princess Gina von Liechtenstein. Crested card sending thanks for Birthday wishes signed in full. Price: $80.00
Landsbergis, Vgtauta. President of the Republic of Lithuania. Choice boldly signed B&W.
Price: $135.0



The History Buff
17509 Bearpath Trail Eden Prairie, MN 55347 or
Palm Beach, Florida 33480